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International partners

The setting up of global partnerships for development lies at the very core of successful international development cooperation, so much so that it is, in itself, one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG no. 8).

Romania’s status as an ODA donor entails its involvement in international partnerships at several levels:

  • at EU level, with European institutions (the European Commission etc.), with European financing organizations, with other Member States, in the context of issue and implementation of EU development policies, participation in EU development financing instruments, trilateral projects co-financed with other EU Member States;
  • at global level, with other international organizations active in development (OECD, UN organizations, the World Bank, IOM etc);
  • with partner ODA beneficiary countries, particularly Romania’s priority partners: R. Moldova, Serbia, Georgia.

At EU level, Romania adhered to the collective and individual ODA commitments (the European Consensus for Development, Code of Conduct on Division of Labour in Development Policy, Council Conclusions etc.), as full partner, alongside the other EU donors, in the effort towards achieving established ODA objectives. Romania has been contributing annually, since 2007, to the EU external aid budget, which finances the geographic and thematic development assistance instruments and, as of 2011, will contribute to the European Development Fund (EDF), the main EU financial instrument targeting development assistance in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) regions.

Romania’s EU membership also entails its involvement in drawing up and managing the EU development policies, including through active participation in the Council working groups and Commission committees which deal with EU development policies and external assistance instruments: the Council Working Group on Development Cooperation (CODEV), Working Group on Humanitarian and Food Aid (COHAFA), Committee on EDF, Committee on Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI). Romania is also actively involved in the works of the Foreign Affairs Council (development component) and in the informal meetings of the EU Development Ministers and of Directors General for Development.

At global level, Romania is a party to the Millennium Declaration, the Monterrey Consensus, and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness.

Providing ODA through multilateral channels (UN organizations, OECD, EU programmes and funds, the World Bank etc.) represents an effective instrument for Romania to meet its international commitments and contribute to financing the priority global development sectors reflected in the Millennium Development Goals: health, primary education, human rights, environment protection, economic development etc.

On the other hand, bilateral assistance, provided by Romania directly to its partner states, not only strengthens bilateral relations but also ensures increased visibility for Romania as a donor and higher ODA efficiency, all of which are obvious benefits of bilateral ODA, as compared to ODA channelled through third parties, both for donor and for beneficiary partner states.

Our objective is, therefore, to progressively increase the ratio between bilateral development assistance and the total volume of Romanian ODA, as Romania gains experience in development policy and development assistance programmes, tailored for and adapted to Romania’s specificities and comparative advantages as a donor.