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Romania and the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)

Romania is an active participant in the political dialogue inside the EU and plays an important role in the CDSP. As an EU member state, Romania is currently contributing to the drafting of the EU Positions, Statements and demarches and is fully applying them. Romania is observing the international sanctions regime and the restrictive measures imposed by the EU, the UN and OSCE. Romania is also participating in the meetings of all working groups and structures of the Council dealing with CDSP.

In the current security environment, characterized by changes in the nature and complexity of threats, the EU member states, including Romania, are using this specific tool of intergovernmental action in order to achieve an active EU presence at the global level. 

At the foundation of EU actions in this field lies the European Security Strategy, adopted in December 2003, whose implementation status was the object of a Report, in December 2008, aimed at updating the Strategy in view of the current threats and risks and of the ambitions assumed, with more and more effectiveness, by the EU as a global player in promoting security and stability around the world.

Romania’s contribution to the development of European civilian and military capabilities

Romania is an active member of several key structures within CDSP, such as the Satellite Centre of the EU (EUSC), located in Torrejon (Spain), the Security Studies Institute of the EU (ISS), located in Paris, and the Brussels-based European Defence Agency (EDA).

For en effective action of the EU in the CDSP field, Member States agreed upon the necessity to build new civilian and military capabilities, dedicated to this purpose. The European Defence Agency (EDA) has a central role in developing military capacities, as well as regarding the containment of fragmentation at the EU level in this strategic field of action, by developing cooperation programmes, further implemented by the Member States under the EDA "umbrella". Depending on its interests and needs in the military equipment field, Romania also gets involved in programmes meant to develop last generation capabilities in order to add more value to these efforts. The Capability Development Plan is the main support element in the defence planning process of the Member States, creating the premises for a more effective response to the crisis situations that the EU will have to tackle in the future.

Regarding its military contribution, Romania confirmed its participation in two EU Battlegroups (EUBG). The Romanian contributions have been included in the HELBROC BG, formed by Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and Cyprus and in a second Battlegroup, ITROT, with Italy and Turkey.

On the civilian side, Romania is currently among the main contributors (with both personnel and equipment) to the EU civilian crisis management operations. In July 2013, 56 Romanian seconded experts and other 55 contracted personnel were taking part in CSDP missions.