Global Issues

2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

In September 2015, Romania joined the leaders of the 193 members of the United Nations, at the Summit on Sustainable Development, in adopting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a universal program for global action on development that promotes the balance between the three dimensions of sustainable development - economic, social and environmental. For the first time, actions are addressed to developed and developing countries alike.

Central to the 2030 Agenda are to be found the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Objectives. The Global Objectives set an ambitious action agenda for the next 15 years to eradicate extreme poverty, combating inequality and injustice and protecting the planet until 2030.

1. No Poverty – End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

2. Zero Hunger - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

3. Good Health and Well-Being - Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

4. Quality Education - Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

5. Gender Equality - Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

6. Clean Water and Sanitation - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

7. Affordable and Clean Energy - Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

8. Decent Work and Economic Growth - Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure - Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

10. Reduced Inequalities - Reduce inequality within and among countries.

11. Sustainable Cities and Communities - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

12. Responsible Consumption and Production - Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

13. Climate Action - Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.

14. Life Below Water - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

15. Life on Land - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions - Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

17. Partnerships for the Goals - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

The SDGs concept was born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio + 20) in 2012. The SDGs replace the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) contained in the Millennium Declaration, which was adopted at the UN in September 2000. Countries of the world, including Romania, stood united around a commitment to reduce global poverty and save millions of lives. The Millennium Declaration was during 2000-2015 single global development agenda over which there was agreement at the highest level and that included specific targets:

1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

2. Achieve universal primary education

3. Promote gender equality and empower women

4. Reduce child mortality

5. Improve maternal health

6. Combat HIV / AIDS, malaria and other diseases

7. Ensure environmental sustainability

8. Develop a global partnership for development

The MDGs made an important contribution by raising public awareness, increasing political will and mobilizing resources for the fight against global poverty. The MDGs helped focus the action, led to policy reform by incorporating development objectives and targets into national strategies and creating institutions to implement these plans effectively. For example, extreme poverty at global level was halved, the target of halving the proportion of people who lack access to improved sources of water was met, ninety percent of the children in developing states now have access to primary education and far more girls have access to education as compared to 2000.

Positive results were however not equally distributed. Since 2008, progress made had been negatively influenced by the financial and economic crisis. The weakest progress was made by countries emerging from conflict and fragile states engaged in stabilization and reconstruction, where the lack of institutional capacity negatively influenced their ability to reach the goals.

Sustainable Development Goals should complete the agenda started by the Millennium Development Goals, and leave no one behind.

 

Romania and the Development Goals

Romania attaches great importance to the United Nations, an organization with a universal vocation, which is the largest multilateral framework for addressing major global issues, including long-term development objectives.

For Romania the Millennium Development Goals represented a complementary tool to mobilize internal action in support of economic and social development. The 2030 Agenda goes beyond the Millennium Development Goals, keeping issues on the agenda such as poverty eradication, education and health and addressing new ones such as peaceful and inclusive societies. All countries must ensure that appropriate policies are prepared to implement this Agenda. Countries should promote inclusive and effective institutions and elaborate policies based on the rule of law, human rights, women's rights, gender equality and the increased involvement of women.

Romania fully supports the idea that the 2030 Agenda must be implemented by local institutions, responding directly to citizens’ needs. Their needs, interests and concerns must be addressed by formulating local and national development strategies.

Romania is committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals at national level and will review the National Strategy for Sustainable Development to integrate the Sustainable Development Goals. Social exclusion is identified as a major challenge to implementing the Goals. The Romanian revised Strategy will focus on supporting the inclusion in development policies of persons with disabilities, the youth and women. Eradicating poverty requires decent employment opportunities, and preventing and eradicating social exclusion requires social cohesion policies.

As a member of the European Union, Romania contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals not only at national level, but also at international level through the support it provides to developing countries through the official development  assistance. The experience gained by Romania in the transition process could be shared with countries interested to benefit from such support.

Romania will submit the Voluntary National Review (RNV) in July 2018 during the session of the United Nations High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, at the UNHQs in New York.

DONUISF, August 2017