International Security

Asymmetric Risks

The globalization of terrorism is an undeniable fact today, a threat to internal and international security and responsibility for reining in this phenomenon lies with the entire international community.

Under the circumstances of a tight interaction between terrorism and various forms of criminality (organized crime, money laundering, drug trafficking, arms trafficking and the illegal movement of nuclear, chemical, biological and other potentially destructive materials), Romania will further work to prevent and counter terrorism both at a national level and in the framework of international bodies (the EU, the UN, NATO, OSCE, CE), based on the existing legislation and on observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

At the national level, the action of preventing and countering terrorism is organized and conducted in a unitary manner, under Law no. 535/2004 on preventing and countering terrorism (currently in the process of being amended).

The Supreme Council of National Defense adopted, in April 2002, the National Strategy on Preventing and Countering Terrorism, a document stipulating the following main objectives: identifying and permanently monitoring terrorist threats, protecting the national territory and the Romanian citizens, preventing terrorist cells from functioning in the territory of Romania, and participating in relevant international efforts.

In Romania, the activity of preventing and fighting terrorism is conducted in the unitary framework of the National System for Preventing and Countering Terrorism (NSPCT), which rallies public institutions and authorities having powers in this area. The Romanian Intelligence Service is the technical coordinator of NSPCT and the national authority in the field of countering terrorism. (http://www.sri.ro/categorii/23/antiterorism--contraterorism.html)

Romania maintains cooperation relations in the area of preventing and countering terrorism in the framework of international organizations (the EU, the UN, NATO, OSCE, the Council of Europe), as well as at a regional and bilateral level. Romania applies the provisions of the relevant UN and Council of Europe conventions, implements the EU objectives (the European Union Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Action Plan, the EU Strategy on combating terrorism financing, the Media Communication Strategy etc.), and participates in international initiatives in this field (the Proliferation Security Initiative, and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism).

On a regional and bilateral level, Romania is promoting an active policy to ensure security and stability in South-Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus and the entire Danube and Black Sea region. This country has concluded over 50 bilateral cooperation agreements  with European states and states on the American continent in the field of counter-terrorism, fighting organized crime and drug trafficking.

Greater attention will be given to the processes of radicalization, terrorism financing, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and information technology crime. Specific actions are to be undertaken on the basis of cooperation platforms established at an internal and international level between stakeholders (police, intelligence services, local and central authorities, academic community, the media).

 

The Report on Terrorism 2008 (http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/crt/2008/) the USA released on 1 May 2009 evidences the results Romania scored in the fight to prevent and counter terrorism (institution of internal mechanisms, adoption of the relevant European legislation, actions to combat terrorism financing, hosting the SECI centre, introducing the new biometric passports.)