Alliance operations and missions

International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

  • ISAF is the major operational priority for NATO and at the same time, is the largest Allied operation in NATO history.
  • It was launched in 2001 by the UN Security Council Resolution 1386, after the overthrow of the Taliban regime. Originally it was a multinational force under the UN aegis, with a mandate limited to provide security to the capital Kabul and its neighbourhood. In 2003, NATO took command of the operation that now provided help to the Afghan government to extend its authority throughout the country and establish a secure environment favourable to economic reconstruction and the rule of law.
  • Operations carried out by ISAF aimed at assisting the Afghan government in building and maintaining security, in order to strenghten the authority of the Afghan institutions in securing a proper process of stabilization and development in Afghanistan.
  • An essential component of the strategy for Afghanistan has been the expansion of ISAF throughout Afghanistan area, including through Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRT), promoting stability and security sector reform.
  • Romania is one of the major contributors to ISAF. Romania's participation in ISAF is established by the Decision no. 38 of 21 December 2001 of the Romanian Parliament, which extends the Government the authority to determine the forces, resources, funding and conditions to ensure such participation.

NATO Training Mission - Iraq (NTM-I)

  • The decision to establish the NTM-I was taken by the Heads of State and Government at the NATO Summit in Istanbul in 2004, following a request by the Iraqi Interim Government. The mission’s goal is to assist the Iraqi authorities in training thier security forces.
  • According to its mandate, NATO provides training, equipment and technical assistance. The Alliance offers training both within Iraq and abroad.
  • Romania has supported NATO Training Mission to Iraqi security forces from the beginning (August 14, 2004).

KFOR operation

  • NATO has been involved in Kosovo since 1999, following the UN SC Resolution 1244, with the mission to ensure a safe and stable security environment. To this end, NATO deployed a military force in the province (KFOR).
  • After the declaration of independence of Kosovo of February 17, 2008, NATO reaffirmed that military force KFOR will remain in Kosovo under UN SC Resolution 1244, as decided at the meeting of NATO foreign ministers in December 2007, unless the UN SC decides otherwise. KFOR will continue to work closely with the people of Kosovo, the UN, EU and other international organisations.
  • The Alliance continues its efforts to ensure sustainable development, a democratic and multiethnic Kosovo.
  • After Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence, Romania maintains its commitment to KFOR. Romanian troops continue to carry out their tasks according to the mandate, to ensure safety of civilians.

Operation Active Endeavour (OAE)

  • The operation was launched in 2001 and was one of the eight measures taken by NATO at that time to support the U.S. after the terrorist attacks of September 11, following the invocation of Article 5 of the Washington Treaty for the first time in NATO history.
  • Since 2001, Allied ships have been patrolling the Mediterranean in order to monitor and identify any suspicious vessels. Since 2003, the operation expanded to escorting commercial vessels transiting the Strait of Gibraltar.
  • Since 2004, OAE has been open to NATO partners. Currently, Russia and Ukraine participate in monitoring activities.
  • Romania has taken part in the operation since 2005.

For further information on this go to the Ministry of National Defence website.