The United Nations

The United Nations Conference opening session took place in San Francisco on 25 April 1945 with the main goal of drafting the UN Charter and, implicitly, setting-up the world organization. On 26 June 1945, the UN Charter was signed by the representatives of the 50 states attending the conference, as founding members of the UN (the same status being enjoyed by Poland as well; however it did not attend the San Francisco Conference). Currently the organization has 193 members.

The United Nations Organization was formally established in the course of the same year, on 24 October, when China, France, Great Britain, USA, USSR and most of the signatories ratified the UN Charters. As of 1945, 24 October has been the United Nations Day.

According to the Charter, the UN was a display of countries’ determination to prevent a new world conflict, to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relationships between countries, to achieve cooperation in the solving economic, social, cultural and humanitarian issues faced by the mankind and to promote and encourage observance of the human rights and basic freedoms for everybody, regardless of race, gender, language or religion.

For more information on the United Nations, please visit the UN homepage, at http://www.un.org/en/.